Competitiveness of Woodworking Industries in the Balkan Countries – Comparative Advantages


Nikolay Neykov, Petar Antov, Radostina Popova


Neykov N., Antov P., Popova R. 2018. Competitiveness of Woodworking Industries in the Balkan Countries – Comparative Advantages. Eastern European Business and Economics Journal 4(2): 132-142.


Full text



The current economic and social circumstances present Europe with probably the greatest threats after the global financial crisis in 2008-2011. Competition in all sectors of the economy has increased. In these harsh economic and social conditions, enhancing the competitiveness of some of the most vulnerable countries in the European Union is the key factor for achieving improvement and social welfare. This paper offers a widely implemented and proven approach to competitiveness estimation – the Revealed Comparative Advantage Index (RCA). The estimation in some of the Balkan countries which has not been conducted yet provides the current state and future perspectives in woodworking – an economic sector subject to many discussions that provides employment of people in vulnerable regions. RCA reveals the strategic orientation and the way of thinking in the enterprises comprising the respective sector.



competitiveness, Balkan countries, woodworking, RCA


JEL classification:

L73; M21; L52






Cui, C., & Chen, S. (2016). RCA Analysis of China’s Competitive Advantage to Export Textile and Apparel to Australia. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 65, 91-94.
Erkan, B., & Sarıçoban, K. (2014). Comparative Analysis of the Competitiveness in the Export of Science-Based Goods Regarding Turkey and the EU+13 Countries. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(8(1)), 117-130
Gnidchenko, A., & Salnikov, V. A. (2015). Net comparative advantage index: overcoming the drawbacks of the existing indices. Retrieved 18.06.2018 from
Horst, D. J., Andrade Junior, P.P., Hornick, & J. (2017). Environmental conservation actions influencing industrial competitiveness and innovation: theoretical-practical findings. RISUS - Journal on Innovation and Sustainability, 8(4), 42-59.
Khushk, A. M., Memon, A., & Saeed, I. (2011). Analysis of sugar industry competitiveness in Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural Research, 49(1), 140.
Schwab, K. (2017). Insight Report. The Global Competitiveness Report, 2016–2017. World Economic Forum. Retrieved 19.06.2018 from  
Kleynhans, E.P.J. (2016). Factors Determining Industrial Competitiveness and the Role of Spillovers. The Journal of Applied Business Research, 32(2), 527-540.
Oral, M. (1986). An Industrial Competitiveness Model. IIE Transactions, 18(2), 148-157.
Porter, M. (1998). Clusters and the new economics of competition. Harvard Business Review, 76 (6), 77-90.
Rugman, A. M., & D'Cruz, J. R. (1993). The "Double Diamond" Model of International Competitiveness: The Canadian Experience. MIR: Management International Review, 33, 17-39.
Sha, J., Mao, X., & Xiang, N. (2011). The Comparative Study on the Mining Industry Competitiveness of Xinjiang in China. Energy Procedia, 5, 158–162.
Shafaei, R., Shahriari, H., & Moradi, M. (2009). Investigation of leather industry competitiveness in Iran. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 13(3), 343-357.
Sujová A., Hlaváčková, P., & Marcineková, K. (2015). Evaluating the Competitiveness of Wood Processing Industry. Drvna industrija, 66 (4), 281-288
Willoughby, K.W. (2000). Building internationally competitive technology regions: the industrial-location-factors approach and the local-technological-milieux approach. Journal of International and Area Studies, 7(2), 1-36.
Zhang, P., & London, K. (2013). Towards an internationalized sustainable industrial competitiveness model. Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, 23(2), 95 – 113.
Zhao, Z., & Zhang, K. (2007). China’s Industrial Competitiveness in the World. The Chinese Economy, 40(6), 6–23.;