Tuvikene L, Bogdanova O, Skribans V. 2015. Regional cooperation optimization model: addressing energy challenges in the Baltic Sea region. Eastern European Business and Economics Journal 1(1): 2-11.
Enrico IVALDI, University of Genova, Italy;
Liping GAO, the University of Texas at El Paso, USA;
Ermira KALAJ, Aleksander Moisiu University, Albania;
Scott William HEGERTY, Northeastern Illinois University, USA.
Regional cooperation is a strong instrument in common cross-border solution development. Currently, the main Energy sector challenges in the European Union, as well as in other world economies, are mainly referred to sustainable, competitive and secure energy market. The Energy sector issues due to their nature cannot frequently be effectively resolved by a single country. Stakeholders trying to find the best approach for communication created various formats of regional cooperation, therewith complicating the overall system and hampering problem solving by function duplication and overlapping. The research provides an insight to the regional cooperation practice in the Baltic Sea region in electricity sector. The aim of the paper is to present the developed by the authors Model of Regional cooperation based on analysis of the existing practice of regional cooperation in the Energy sector. The Object of the research is the Energy sector development opportunities, while the Subject of the research – existing formats of macro-regional cooperation addressing Energy sector challenges.Based on quantitative and qualitative data analysis the two models for regional cooperation facilitation were developed: Optimized Strategic Model of regional cooperation in a field of economy and Functional Model for Optimization of regional cooperation. The both models can be applied not only in the Baltic Sea region, but also in any other region of the European Union or the world, for different spheres of economy.
Regional cooperation, Energy, Baltic Sea Region, optimization
Aribogan, DU., Bilgin, M. (2009) New Energy Order Politics Neopolitics: From Geopolitics to Energeopolitics. Uluslararasi Iliskiler-International Relations. 5/20, 109-131.
Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, Progress towards completing the Internal Energy Market/* COM/2014/634 final */
Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, Energy prices and costs in Europe /*COM/2014/21/2 */
European Commission, Energy Roadmap 2050, Europa.eu. Retrieved September 25, 2014, from http://ec.europa.eu/energy/energy2020/roadmap/doc/roadmap2050_ia_20120430_en.pdf
European Commission, EU energy in figures. Statistical pocketbook 2014, Europa.eu. Retrieved September 25, 2014, from http://ec.europa.eu/energy/observatory/statistics/statistics_en.htm
European Commission. European Commission launches Strategy to boost development of Baltic Sea Region, Brussels: IP/09/839, (10 June, 2009). Retrieved September 6, 2014, from http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-09-893_en.htm?locale=en
European Commission. From the Baltic Sea Strategy to the Danube Basin – a macro-regional strategy for the EU, Brussels: IP/09/1326, (10 June 2009). Retrieved September 22, 2014, from http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-09-1326_en.htm
EUSBSR official site, Retrieved April 8, 2015, from http://www.balticsea-region-strategy.eu/about
Fawn, R. (2013) Visegrad: Fit for purpose? Communist and Post-communist Studies. 46/3, 339-349.
Gomez-Mera, L. (2015) International Regime Complexity and Regional Governance: Evidence from the Americas. Global Governance. 21/1, 19-42.
Jouanneau, C., Raakjaer, J. (2014) The Hare and the Tortoise: Lessons from Baltic Sea and Mediterranean Sea governance. Marine Policy, 50, 331-338.
Lee, JS. (2010) Energy security and cooperation in Northeast Asia. Korean Journal of Defense Analysis. 22/2, 217-233.
Lee, JS. (2013) Towards green energy cooperation in Northeast Asia: implications from European experiences. Asia Europe Journal, 11/3, 231-245.
Mugyenzi, J. (2015) EU External Governance: Regionalizing Multilevel Networks of Governance. Journal of European Integration, 50/3, 353-370.
Phillips, A. (2013) A dangerous synergy: energy securitization, great power rivalry and strategic stability in the Asian century. Pacific Review. 26-1, 17-38.
Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure and repealing Decision No 1364/2006/EC and amending Regulations (EC) No 713/2009, (EC) No 714/2009 and (EC) No 715/2009